Volume 3, Issue 2, December 2019, Page: 94-102
Gas-to-Liquids (GTL) Plant Optimization Using Enhanced Synthesis Gas Reforming Technology
Izuwa Nkemakolam Chinedu, Department of Petroleum Engineering, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria
Obah Boniface, Department of Petroleum Engineering, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria
Ekwueme Stanley Toochukwu, Department of Petroleum Engineering, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria
Obibuike Ubanozie Julian, Department of Petroleum Engineering, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria
Kerunwa Anthony, Department of Petroleum Engineering, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria
Ohia Nnaemeka Princewill, Department of Petroleum Engineering, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria
Odo Jude Emeka, Department of Petroleum Engineering, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria
Received: Oct. 21, 2019;       Accepted: Nov. 23, 2019;       Published: Dec. 13, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.pse.20190302.18      View  354      Downloads  60
Abstract
This paper evaluates method for optimisation of GTL plant using Steam/CO2 reforming for syngas generation. Extensive modelling of GTL plant has been done. Two cases were considered during the simulation of the GTL plant. The first case was the use of oxygen gas as the feed reactant gas using an auto-thermal reformer for the production of synthesis gas. The alternative case which is the proposed method uses CO2 in lieu of oxygen for the production of synthesis gas. CO2 method was chosen because of its cheap availability and the ability to be recycled from purge gas and reused reducing pollution. Honeywell’s Unisim software was used for the simulation and the Peng Robinson equation of state was chosen as the fluid property package. The simulation was done unit by unit and integration of all units was made. The synthesis gas unit was simulated in Unisim as a conversion type reactor using two separate reactors while three equilibrium reactors were used to control the water gas shift reaction to maintain favourable H2/CO ratio. The FT reactor was modelled as a multi-tubular bed reactor and simulated as a plug flow reactor (PFR) in Unisim using heterogeneous catalytic reaction type. Technical and economic performances were analyzed for both methods. The technical analyses revealed that the proposed steam/CO2 method gave a H2/CO ratio of 2.17 as against the 2.21 gotten for the ATR. Furthermore, the carbon efficiency of the two methods revealed 77.68% and 92.17% for base case and the proposed methods respectively showing that the proposed case has higher efficiency. The liquid yields show that the proposed method has a liquid yield of 5730b/d over the 5430b/d gotten from the base case representing an increase in product yield of 5.5%.
Keywords
Gas-to-liquid, Optimization, Synthetic Gas, Heterogeneous, Performances, Natural Gas, Catalytic Reaction
To cite this article
Izuwa Nkemakolam Chinedu, Obah Boniface, Ekwueme Stanley Toochukwu, Obibuike Ubanozie Julian, Kerunwa Anthony, Ohia Nnaemeka Princewill, Odo Jude Emeka, Gas-to-Liquids (GTL) Plant Optimization Using Enhanced Synthesis Gas Reforming Technology, Petroleum Science and Engineering. Vol. 3, No. 2, 2019, pp. 94-102. doi: 10.11648/j.pse.20190302.18
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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